Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of the RM

Embassy of the Republic of Moldova to the United States of America and United Mexican States

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General information

LOCATION

Eastern Europe, NE of Romania and SW of Ukraine

GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATES

45°28’ - 48°28’ N (350 km), 26°40’ - 30°06’ E (150 km) 

AREA

  • total: 33,843 km2, 139th
  • land: 33,371 km2
  • waters: 472 km2 (main rivers: Danube, Nistru, Prut, Raut; main lakes: Beleu, Bic, Dracele)

LAND BOUNDARIES

  • total: 1,389 km
  • border countries: Romania — 450 km, Ukraine — 939 km
  • coastline: around 480 m at the Southernmost point (Giurgiulesti), with the delta of the Danube river

LAND USE

  • arable land: 53%
  • permanent crops: 14%
  • permanent pastures: 13%
  • forests and woodland: 9%
  • others: 11% 

EXTREME POINTS

  • lowest point: Nistru River, -2 m
  • highest point: Dealul Bălăneşti, +430 m
  • Northernmost point: Naslavcea
  • Southernmost point: Giurgiulesti
  • Westernmost point: Criva
  • Easternmost point: Palanca 

CLIMATE

moderate winters (in January -4 -7 C°), warm summers (in July +25 +28 C°) 

TERRAIN

Hilly steppes in the north & center (Codru), plain in the south (Bugeac Plain) 

NATURAL RESOURCES

lignite, phosphorites, gypsum, arable land 

POPULATION

  • total: 3,55 million [2019, National Bureau of Statistics]
  • density: 121,9/km2 

MAIN CITIES

  • Chişinău, 832,9 th. inh. [2019, National Bureau of Statistics]
  • Tiraspol, 159,1 th. inh.
  • Bălţi, 151,8 th. inh. [2019, National Bureau of Statistics]
  • Tighina, 97 th. inh. [2004]
  • Rîbniţa, 53,6 t. inh. [2004]
  • Cahul, 39 th. inh. [2017, National Bureau of Statistics] 

RELIGION [POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS, 2014]

  • Eastern Orthodox Christians — 96,8% (of 2,6 million inhabitants)
  • Baptists — 1%
  • Jehovah’s Witnesses — 0,7%
  • Pentecostals — 0,4%
  • Etc.

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

Romanian language

Other spoken languages: Gagauz, Ukrainian, Russian, Bulgarian, Polish, Hebrew, etc. 

CURRENCY

Moldovan leu (MDL) = 100 bani 

TIME ZONE

EET (UTC+2)

summer — EEST (UTC+3) 

INTERNET TLD

.md 

CALLING CODE 

+373